The List of Gemstones

The List of Gemstones – Crystallography

the list of gemstones

Crystallography is a science that studies and examines crystals.

A crystal is a homogeneous solid substance that has a natural geometric symmetrical uniformity with an arrangement of plane faces.

Crystals are made of a lattice of atoms, ions and/or molecules that link together in a repetitive pattern to form into one of seven crystal systems.

  1. Cubic
  2. Hexagonal
  3. Tetragonal
  4. Trigonal
  5. Orthorhombic
  6. Monoclinic

You will also find at the bottom of this page a list of non-crystalline amorphous gemstones.


Cubic Crystal System

Gemstones in the cubic crystal system, also known as the isometric system, have three axes of equal length that intersect at right angles. The most common cubic crystal shapes are the cube, pentagonal dodecahedron, rhombic dodecahedron, hexacisochedron, icosi-tetrahedron, and octahedron.

The list of gemstones in the cubic crystal system include:

A.    Almandine  •  Analcite  •  Andradite         

B.    Bixbyite  •  Boleite

C.    Chromite  •  Cuprite

D.    Demantoid  •  Diamond

F.    Fabulite  •  Fluorite

G.    Gahnite  •  Gahnospinel  •  Galaxite  •  Garnet  •  GGG  •  Gold  •  Grossularite

H.    Hackmanite  •   Hauynite  •   Helvite  •  Hercynite  •   Hessonite

K.   Katoite

L.    Langbeinite  •   Lapis Lazuli  •  Lazurite  •  Leucogranite

M.   Magnesiochromite  •  Magnetite  •  Melanite  •  Microlite

P.    Pentlandite  •  Periclase  •  Picotite  •  Pleonaste  •  Pollucite  •  Pyrite  •  Pyrope

R.    Rhodozite  •  Rhodolite

S.    Schorlomite  •  Senarmontite  •  Silver  •  Sodalite  •  Spessartine  •  Sphalerite  •  Spinel

T.    Thorianite  •  Topazolite  •  Tsavorite

U.    Uvarovite

V.    Villiaumite

Y.    YAG

Z.    Zirconia  •  Zunyite

 

Analcite

G

L

Alamandine

Gahnite

Langbeinite

Pyrite

Topazolite

Analcite

Gahnospinel

Lapis Lazuli

Pyrope

Tsavorite

Andradite

Galaxite

Lazurite

R

U

B

Garnet

Leucogranite

Rhodozite

Uvarovite

Bixbyite

GGG

M

Rhodolite

V

Boleite

Gold

Magnesiochromite

S

Villiaumite

C

Grossularite

Magnetite

Schorlomite

Y

Chromite

H

Melanite

Senarmontite

YAG

Cuprite

Hackmanite

Microlite

Silver

Z

D

Hauynite

P

Sodalite

Zirconia

Demantoid

Helvite

Pentlandite

Spessartine

Zunyite

Diamond

Hercynite

Periclase

Sphalerite

F

Hessonite

Picotite

Spinel

Fabulite

K

Pleonaste

T

Fluorite

Katoite

Pollucite

Thorianite

Hexagonal Crystal System

The list of gemstones in the hexagonal system has three of four axes on the one plane. These axes are of equal length and intersect each other at 120° angles. The fourth axis is different in length and at right angles to the others. A typical hexagonal crystal shape is a pyramid.

A

H

Algodonite

Catapleite

Heliodor

Nepheline

Taaffeite

Apatite

Chlorapatite

Hydroxylapatite

Nickeline

Thaumasite

Aquamarine

Covellite

J

P

V

B

E

Jeremejevite

Painite

Vanadinite

Bastnasite

Emerald

L

Poudretteite

W

Benotoite

Ettringite

Lizardite

Precious Beryl

Wurtzite

Beryl

F

M

S

Z

Bixbite

Fluorapatite

Manganapatite

Simpsonite

Zincite

Breithauptite

G

Milarite

Sogdianite

C

Gold Beryl

Mimetite Moissanite

Sturmanite

Cacoxenite

Goshenite

Morganite

Sugilite

Cancrinite

Greenockite

N

T

Tetragonal Crystal System

A tetragonal crystal system is a formation that has three axes. Two of these axes are on the same plane and are of equal length. The third and primary axis can be either shorter or longer than the other two, however, all three axes intersect at right angles. Typical crystal formations are double pyramids, four-sided prisms and pyramids, eight-sided pyramids, and trapezohedrons.

A

F

W

Anatase

Fergusonite

Mellite

Scapolite

Wardite

Apophyllite

H

P

Scheelite

Wulferite

C

Hyacinth

Phosgenite

Sellaite

Z

Carletonite

L

Powellite

Stolzite

Zircon

Cassiterite

Leucite

Pyrolusite

T

Chalcopyrite

M

R

Thorite

Chiolite

Marialite

Rutile

Tugtupite

E

Meionite

S

V

Ekanite

Melinophane

Sarcolite

Vesuvianite

Trigonal Crystal System

The trigonal system (rhombohedral system) is a crystal formation where three of the four axes are on the same plane and are equal in length. They intersect each other at angles of 120°. The fourth axis is at right angles to the others and is different in length. The cross-section of the prism base in a trigonal system is three sided. In Hexagonal systems it is six. Typical trigonal crystal formations are three-sided prisms and pyramids, scalenohedra, and rhombohedra.

A

Achroite

Citrine

Indicolite

Prasiolite

Sphaerocobaltite

Agate

Cinnabar

J

Proustite

Smoky Quartz

Amethyst

Corundum

Jasper

Pyrargyrite

Stichtite

Amethyst Quartz

D

L

Q

T

Ametrine

Davidite

Liddicoatite

Quartz

Tiger’s-Eye

Ankerite

Dendritic Agate

Linobate

R

Tsilaisite

Aventurine

Dioptase

Lizardite

Rhodochrosite

Tourmaline

B

Dolomite

M

Rock Crystal

U

Bloodstone

Dravite

Magnesite

Rose Quartz

Uvite

Blue Quartz

E

Melonite

Rubellite

V

Brucite

Elbaite

Millerite

Ruby

Verdelite

Buergerite

Eudialyte

Moss Agate

S

W

C

G

P

Sapphire

Willemite

Calcite

Gaspeite

Parisite

Sardonyx

Carnelian

H

Pezzottaite

Schlossmacherite

Cat’s-Eye Quartz

Hawk’s-Eye

Petrified Wood

Schorl

Chalcedony

Hematite

Phenakite

Siberite

Chromdravite

I

Povondraite

Siderite

Chrysoprase

Ilmenite

Prase

Smithsonite

Orthorhombic Crystal System

The list of gemstones in the orthorhombic system (rhombic system) has three different length axes are at right angles to each other. Typical shapes are basal pinacoids, pyramids, rhombic prisms, and rhombic double pyramid.

A

Adamite

Chrysoberyl

Hambergite

Pearl

Thomsonite

Aeschyrite

Cobalite

Hemimorphite

Peridot

Thulite

Alexandrite

Cordierite

Heterosite

Prehnite

Topaz

Andalusite

D

Holtite

Purpurite

Triphylite

Anglesite

Danburite

Humite

S

V

Anhydrite

Descloizite

Hypersthene

Scorodite

Varsicite

Aragonite

Diaspore

K

Sekaninaite

W

B

Dumortierite

Kornerupine

Sepoiolate

Wavellite

Baryte

E

L

Shattuckite

Witherite

Bastite

Enstatite

Lawsonite

Shomiokite

Y

Bismutotantalite

Eosphorite

Libethenite

Shortite

Yttrotantalite

Boracite

Euchroite

Lithiophilite

Sillimanite

Z

Bornite

Euxenite

M

Sinhalite

Zektzerite

Bronzite

F

Manganotantalite

Smarskite

Zoisite

Brookite

Ferrosilite

Marcasite

Stibiotantalite

C

Fosterite

Mordernite

Strontianite

Celestine

G

N

Sulfur

Cerussite

Goethite

Natrolite

T

Chambersite

Grandidierite

Norbergite

Tanzanite

Childrenite

H

P

Tephroite

Monoclinic Crystal System

The monoclinic crystal system is a crystal system where three axes are different in length. Two of the axes are at right angles to each other and the other axis is inclined. Common crystal forms are prisms with inclined end faces and basal pinacoids.

A

O

Actinolite

Colemanite

Hubnerite

Orthoclase

Talc

Aegirine

Creedite

Hureaulite

P

Tawmawite

Aegirine-Augite

Crocoite

Huributite

Palygorskite

Titanite

Allanite

Cryolite

Hyalophane

Papagoite

Tremolite

Antigorite

D

Hydroxylherderite

Pargasite

V

Augelite

Datolite

I

Petalite

Vayrynenite

Azurite

Dickinsonite

Inderite

Phosphophyllite

Violane

B

Diopside

J

Piemontite

Vivianite

Barytocalcite

E

Jadeite

Prosopite

Vlasovite

Bayldonite

Epidote

K

Psilomelane

W

Beryllonite

Euclase

Kammererite

Pumpellyite

Whewellite

Bikitaite

F

Kunzite

Pyrophyllite

Williamsite

Bowenite

Friedelite

L

R

Wolframite

Brazilianite

Fuchsite

Lazulite

Realgar

Wollastonite

C

G

Legrandite

Richterite

X

Canasite

Gadolinite

Lepidolite

Rinkite

Xonotite

Chalcocite

Gaylussite

Ludlamite

S

Y

Charoite

Gypsum

M

Sanidine

Yugawaralite

Childrenite

H

Malachite

Sapphirine Scolecite

Chondrotite

Hancockite

Mesolite

Scorzalite

Chromian Diopside

Hedenbergite

Monazite

Serpentine

Chrysocolla

Herderite

Moonstone

Smaragdite

Clinochlore

Hiddenite

Muscovite

Spodumene

Clinochrysotile

Hodgkinsonite

N

Spurrite

Clinoenstatite

Hornblende

Nephrite

Staurolite

Clinohumite

Howlite

Neptunite

T

Triclinic Crystal System

The list of gemstones in the triclinic crystal system has three axes of different length. All axes are inclined to each other at non-perpendicular angles relative to each other. Paired faces are a typical example of a triclinic crystal formation.

A

Albite

Chabazite

Manganaxinite

Pyroxymangite

Ulexite

Amazonite

F

Microline

R

Ussingite

Amblygonite

Ferro-Axinite

Montebrasite

Rhodonite

W

Andesine

Fowlerite

N

S

Weloganite

Anorthite

K

Nambulite

Serandite

Wollastonite

Anorthoclase

Kurnakovite

Natromontebrasite

Serendibite

X

Axinite

Kyanite

O

Sunstone

Xonolite

B

L

Oligoclase

T

Bustamite

Labrodorite

P

Talc

Bytownite

Leucophanite

Pectolite

Tinzenite

C

M

Peristerite

Turquoise

Ceruleite

Magnesio-Axinite

Pyrophyllite

U

Amorphous

Unlike crystals, Amorphous materials are non-crystalline solids that have no apparent shape or symmetry

Amber

Glass

Moldavite

Obsidian

Opal

Petrified Wood

Strass

Healing with Gemstones and Crystals

Celestial Powers 

Gemstones are identified as symbols for a celestial link between humans and the sun, moon, and stars. Gemstones and Crystals also symbolize magic and healing. And it is believed that the powers attributed to healing with Gemstones and Crystals, can prevent and cure illnesses and other ailments.

Written historical accounts about the curative powers of gemstones have been in existence since the Old Age. Famous writers such as the Greek philosopher Aristotle wrote about their powers back in the ancient years before Christ. And over centuries to follow, healing with Gemstones and Crystals was well documented in a book called Physica written by the Abbess Hildegard von Bingen (1098 – 1179).

healing with gemstones and crystals

Earth, Sun & Moon

The energetic powers attributed to the healing capabilities of Gemstones and Crystals stem from Mother Earth during the time of stone formation and from the warming rays of the sun. It is therefore recommended exposing the healing stones and crystals to sunlight and moonlight from time to time so they can replenish any energy that may have been lost during the process of healing. And belief is it is most effective to put the stones on a window sill two nights before a full moon!!!

Another method used in achieving energy restoration is the stone’s burial, whereby a natural stone is placed in the ground overnight and the following day rinsed with water for a short time period. Synthetic stones cannot be used because they are not natural and lack soul, unlike a natural gemstone that is grown in Mother Nature.

Mystical Signs & Shapes

In order to maximize the effects of healing with Gemstones and Crystals, at times symbolic and mystical signs are carved on the stone, a common practice used back in the Antiquity and Middle Ages.

According to therapists the shape of a gemstone may also be useful in treatment. For example, the best symmetrical Rock Crystals with a pronounced tip are used as pendulums to increase a person’s success in the search for effective stones and to diagnose sickness.

According to a recent publication, a newly bought, inherited or gifted stone should go through the procedure of discharging (burying for some days or rinsing with cold water) before treatment in order to achieve the most beneficial results.

The much-praised healing powers of natural stones and crystals may come from the presence of the minerals within the gemstone providing certain elements and trace elements. Spiritual uplifting derived from viewing the beauty of the gemstone can also contribute to better health. And a positive mind is the foundation for good health.

healing with gemstones and crystals

Healing Powers of Gemstones and Crystals

Arthritis

• Apatite   

• Aquamarine 

 • Amber   

• Euclase   

• Fluorite   

• Garnet 

• Island Spar 

 • Magnetite   

• Malachite   

• Pyrite   

• Tourmaline

healing with gemstones

Blisters

• Agate   

• Aventurine   

• Beryl   

• Diamond   

• Indigolite   

• Lapis Lazuli   

• Rhodochrosite   

• Turquoise   

• Vandanite   

• Zircon

healing with gemstones and crystals

Eye Inflammation

• Apophyllite   

• Aquamarine   

• Eye Agate

• Chalcedony    

• Rock Crystal   

 • Dioptase   

• Hawk’s-eye   

• Malachite   

• Onyx   

• Sapphire

Headaches

• Amethyst   

• Analcime 

• Azurite   

• Rock Crystal 

• Diamond   

• Dioptase   

• Dumortierite   

• Emerald   

• Violet Fluorite   

• Hermatite

• Lapis Lazuli   

• Larimar   

• Magnesite   

• Malachite   

• Moonstone   

• Tiger’s-eye

Heart Ailments

• Adamine   

• Aventurine   

• Calcite   

• Rose Chalcedony   

• Carnelian   

• Dolomite Spar   

• Magnesite   

• Muscovite 

• Orthoclase   

• Pincopale 

• Pyrolusite   

• Rhodonite   

• Rose Quartz 

• Topaz   

• Turquoise

Pancreas

• Amethyst   

• Citrine   

• Garnet   

• Red Jasper   

• Yellow Jasper   

• Magnetite   

• Moonstone   

• Obsidian   

• Prehnite   

• Green Tourmaline

amethyst

Sciatica

• Amethyst   

• Carnelian   

• Chrysolite   

• Chrysoprase   

• Citrine   

• Diamond   

• Emerald   

• Heliotrope   

• Jasper   

• Lapis Lazuli   

• Magnetite

• Malachite   

• Pearl   

• Pyrite   

• Rhodochrosite   

• Rose Quartz   

• Ruby   

• Tiger’s-eye   

• Turquoise

Testicles

• Carnelian   

• Rock Crystal   

• Chalcedony   

• Diamond   

• Garnet   

• Jade   

• Rose Quartz   

• Rubellite   

• Scheelite   

• Thulite   

• Tiger’s-eye

• Zircon

healing with gemstones and crystals

Toenails

• Amber   

• Calcite   

• Orange Calcite   

• Carnelian   

• Chrysophase   

• Diamond   

• Garnet   

• Jasper   

• Onyx   

• Pearl   

• Rhodochrosite 

• Rose Quartz   

• Ruby   

• Sapphire   

• Red Tourmaline   

• Turquoise

Throat (Sore) 

• Aquamarine   

• Barytes   

• Rock Crystal   

• Lapis Lazuli   

• Larimar   

• Opal   

• Silver   

• Sodalite   

• Blue Topaz

Australian Black Opal Stone

Varicose Veins

• Layered Agate   

• Amber   

• Aquamarine   

• Carnelian   

• Chrysoprase   

• Rock Crystal   

• Diamond   

• Garnet   

• Lapis Lazuli   

• Pearl   

• Ruby 

• Sapphire   

• Topaz   

• Zircon

Most Brilliant Diamond Cut

Amulet Stones

Agate

Effective against the curse of the evil eye.

Fluorite

Stimulates the regeneration of mucous membranes and skin and strengthens teeth and bones. Various shapes are also believed to enhance a stone’s effect.

Jasper

Protects against the abnormal increased function of the thyroid gland. Women are advised to carry Jasper with them, particularly those between the ages of 30 – 40.

Snowflake Obsidian

An earthy property that protects against loss of confidence or cold feet.

Sodalite

Gives the body more strength and enhances immunity.

Sugilite

Has a tranquil effect on the nerves and brain.

Apache Tears

Apache Tears is the trade name for the drop-like or rounded shapes for the volcanic rock glass Obsidian. In primeval times it is believed to have been used as an amulet. In modern times Apache Tears is a common healing stone, especially among Native Americans.
Apache Tears are used for:

  • Aiding indigestion
  • Helping stomach and intestinal problems
  • Possible cure for stomach ulcers

Boji Stones

Boji stones are the trade name for bulbous aggregate from Limonite and Pyrite. These stones best develop their powers in pairs and release their centre of energy through stroking. The male stone is said to be more angular and the female stone smoother. These stones are only found in Kansas USA.

Moqui – Marbles

Moqui-Marbles are Globular Limonite Aggregate from Utah and Arizona in the USA. Their effect is intensified through touch, tenderness, affection, light, and closeness to the body. They apparently loosen blockages and congestion and bring about a greater feeling of togetherness.  Moqui-Marbles have their greatest effect in pairs.

Pyrite Sun

Pyrite Sun is a radial disc-shaped Aggregate used in costume jewelry and as a healing stone. In 1997 it was written the Pyrite Sun cures indigestion and stomach disease. When worn in silver around the neck, it significantly boosts the immune system.

Sky Stone

Sky Stone is the name for a mesentery layered fine-grained light coloured limestone. When in the shape of a pyramid and placed under the bed, Sky Stones are effective against sleep deprivation. When the stone is pulverized into small granules it is effective against joint pains. Sky Stone is mined solely in the Salzburg region of Austria.

The Mystery, The Fantasy, The Connection

Gemstones and Crystals are something special due to their rarity, colour, lustre, and formation and have always been surrounded by mystery and fantasy. It is expected their magical powers protect against injury from outside influences, provide medicinal benefits, and increase inner strength.

In relation to the mystical notions surrounding the connection between man, earth, and the universe, precious gemstones are a symbol for magic and fascination and are worn as Amulets and Talismans to bring good luck and protect against evil.

I love all gemstone but I would say my favourite is the Australian Black Opal.

So what’s your favourite gemstone?

,T